Karolina Kluczewska is currently a post-doctoral research fellow at the research centre CERAL, University of Paris 13; and a research associate at the Tajik National University. She holds a PhD degree in International Relations from the University of St Andrews. She was also affiliated with the Higher School of Economics in Moscow and Tomsk State University. Karolina has a rich research and practical experience in the development sector in Tajikistan, including collaborations with civil society organisations, international organisations and local research institutions. Her research interests include development and aid, particularly in relation to migration, health and women’s rights.